Words under the lens: Greek Numeral names No.26 - Greek words related to number "sixty"

26.    Greek words related to number "sixty":

Greek word EξEKONTA (> EKISEKONTA) means "sixty", and EξEKONTOS (> EKISEKONTOS) means "sixtieth", [Divry's Modern English-Greek, Greek-English Dictionary, 1988, p. 762].  The Greek letter ξ is like the English letter X which is a replacement for KS, EKS, IKS, KIS or KOS letter combinations. 

Turkish cardinal numeral for "sixty" is 
"ALTMIŞ" and for ordinal numeral "sixtieth" is "ALTMIŞINCI".

a)   The Greek word EξEKONTA (> EKISEKONTA), meaning "sixty", rearranged letter-by-letter as "EKI-ES-KAT-ON", is from Turkish expression 
"IKI- KATi ON" meaning "two-threes times ten"(i.e,  two times three times ten") which makes sixty.  By using this mathematical definition in Turkish, Greek linguists have avoided using the Turkish cardinal numeral name "ALTMIŞ" meaning "sixty". 

Separately, under Item 8.  Greek words related to number "six", we had also found that  (EKIS) was part of Greek words which were made up from Turkish expressions that used Turkish mathematical expression
"IKI-Ş" (IKI-) meaning "six" Thus, Greek  (EKIS) had obtained its meaning from Turkish cardinal numeral name ALTI meaning "six" but in an indirect way. 

Turkish word 
IKI means "two" means "three", KATI means "times", ON means "ten"ALTMIŞ means "sixty" 

b)   The Greek word EξEKONTOS (> EKISEKONTOS) means "sixtieth", rearranged letter-by-letter as "EKI-OS-KT-ONSE", is from Turkish expression 
"IKI- KaT ONCI" meaning "'two-threes times ten'th" - (i.e., (2 x 3 x 10)th) which makes sixtieth.  We also note that in this Greek anagram, the Greek linguists have shortened the Turkish source text "IKI- KAT ONINCI", meaning  "it is 'two-three-times-ten'th", down to the form of  "IKI- KaT ONCI". By using this mathematical definition in Turkish, Greek linguists have avoided using the Turkish ordinal numeral name "ALTMIŞINCI" meaning "sixtieth".


Polat Kaya

15/06/2011