Dear Friends,

I wish to share with you the following article which tries to explain the meaning of a term called "Turkish Era" or "Tarih-i Türk". Please let us know if you have any other information about it.





(Copyright © Polat Kaya

April 12, 2004)


The Redhouse Turkish-English Dictionary [1] provides us with a very interesting definition. The entry is called "TARIH-I TÜRK" and is defined as:


This entry in this dictionary is one of the most interesting entries regarding the past history of Turks. One cannot help but ask:

If Turks were not ancient people (as is commonly and wrongly portrayed), then how come such a historical concept is attributed to the Turks? If Turks did not have a history in excess of 10,000 years, how would Turks develop such a systematic division of ancient history into segments of 10,000 years each? Furthermore, they have divided the age of the earth into 300,000 ages. How were they able to estimate the TOTAL DURATION OF THE EARTH BEING 300,000 AGES? What is the source of this entry in this dictionary? If the source is Turkish, why then don't Turkish historians mention it to the Turkish people? Why is information as obviously important as this never mentioned?

This understanding of the earth is very significant and compares strongly with the scientifically determined age of the earth (about 4.5 billion years). Biblical sources claimed the world as being about 5000 years old which was totally irrational, yet this Tarih-i Turk puts the age of the world to about three billion years (300,000 ages X 10,000 years per age). This kind of correspondence cannot be due to coincidence. Nor would somebody else be so accommodating to the Turks as to favor them with such a rational understanding of the age of the earth if it wasn't actually a Turkic cultural understanding to begin with. Something seems amiss here.

The figure of 300,000 also happens to be the speed of light in kilometers per second. Is this a coincidence? How did Turks come up with this figure of 300, 000 Ages for the Earth's age? Ancient Turs/Turks were Sun-worshipping people who observed changes in the Sun and also the heavens, and used their gathered knowledge for divination. They even claimed ancestry from the Sky (e.g., Gök Turks). With this background and their intense scrutiny of the heavens, did they somehow also determine the speed of light?

The figure of 10,000 as the duration of an ERA is also very significant. First of all, the number 10,000 is called "TUMEN" in Turkish. It is also the name of a Turkish military "division" originally 10,000 men strong. It also means "great number, great heap" in Turkish. [2] Embedded in the name TUMEN is also the name of UTUMEN (OTOMAN) indicating that Turks were SUN-GOD believing people. UTU was the name of the SUN-GOD in Sumerian and UT-U/OT-O/OD-O in Turkish meaning "it is fire". In this regard, both the Sumerians and Turks were UTUMAN. Furthermore the recent epoch of the Quaternary period, characterized by the development of man, is said to have started 10,000 years ago. [3] Is this another coincidence?

Is the world hiding something very important regarding the ancientness of Turkish civilization and history from the Turks? If so why have "world scholars" denied the ancient Turkish civilization? And if so, who pressured them to deny the ancientness of Tur/Turk peoples to Turks and the world public?

The term "TURKISH ERA" (TÜRK DEVRI) is used in the definition of "Tarih-i Türk". This implies a "Turkish period" in human history in which the influence of Turks must have been dominant all over the world. This is possible only if the ancient Turkish Sky-God (Gök-Ata-Tanri, Gün-Tanri, Ay-Tanri) OGUZ religion (TUR religion) was the dominant civilization and Turkish was the dominant language of the ancient world. The very fact that the Indo-European and Semitic languages were artificially manufactured from Turkish is evidence of that Turkish Era (Tarih-i Turk/Türk Devri). Evidently, this time period (i.e., Turkish Era) was in excess of 10,000 years. Probably, that is why the term Tarih-i Türk was coined to indicate that era. The dictionary also mentions the Christian Era and Muhammedan Era [4]. The Turkish Era must be the one before these eras. This is extremely significant and needs to be investigated. This is what I have been saying in all of my writings.

It can be said that human history up to the formulation of Judeo-Christianity was the TURKISH ERA. Even after the start of Judeo Christianity, Tur/Turk peoples continued with many long lasting empires until the collapse of the Ottoman (UTUMAN) empire. Judeo-Christianity was conjured up in order to wipe away the ancient Turkish civilization and Turkish language. It is curious to note that on the inside cover page of The Holy Scriptures (1984 issues), published by New World Bible Translation Committee, there is a citing from ISAIAH 65:17 saying that: "For here I am creating new heavens and new earth; and the former things will not be called to mind, neither will they come up into the heart." Evidently this religious command forces the peoples newly converted to Judeo-Christianity to forget the ancient Turkish Era and the Turkish civilization in that era altogether.

It seems that events taking place in the present day Middle East are still aimed at wiping away the remnants of that ancient Turkish ERA. It looks like the Turkish peoples all over Asia are the eventual target for obliteration. Particularly, joining the EU can lead Turks into a dead-end from which they may not have another chance to return. The Turks may be decimated into smaller groups and the broken groups alienated from each other and then used against each other. Divided groups are readily assimilated with the change of their language, religion, culture and Turkic identity. This should be prevented. This has been done in the past and still can be done again as is the case of the so-called Kurds who are unquestionably Turkish peoples. Claiming that the Kurds are Indo-European people and that their language is Indo-European are totally bogus claims. The so-called Indo-European words in their language are actually anagrams of Turkish words and phrases secretly prepared by an army of missionaries.

It should also be noted that the gradually failing Judeo-Christianity is inching its way back to the ancient Turkish Sky-God (Gök-Tanri) and Sun-worshipping religion. However, this time, instead of being remembered as the ancient OGUZ or TUR religion, it will have a different western stamp on it. Thus after two thousand years of attacks and belittlements, the ancient Turanian civilization, would change hands completely from the Tur/Turk owners to those who rejected it in the first place. Turks should be observant, alert and guarded in claiming and protecting the legacy of their ancestors. Only this way they can survive in an alienated world.

The following Turkish entries and definitions are also given in the Redhouse Turkish - English dictionary.[5] The source for them is indicated to be Arabic.

TÜRK: 1. Turk; the Turks; Turkish. 2. Learned. Beautiful boy or girl, the beloved.

TÜRK AKSAGI: in music a fast rhythmic pattern of five beats (same as süreyya).

TÜRKAN: The Turks. 
[PK Note: -AN suffix is the ancient plurality suffix of Turkish. It is also observed in the Turkish word "EREN" (="ERLER") meaning "men"]

TÜRK-I ASHKAR: "planet Mars".

TÜRK-I ÇARH: 1. "Planet Mars". 2. "The sun".

TÜRK-I ÇESM: "a beautiful, predatory eye".

TÜRK-I ÇIN: "the sun".

TÜRK-I FELEK: 1. "The sun". 2. "Mars".

TÜRK-I MUARBID: planet Mars.

TÜRK-I NIMRUZ: the sun.

TÜRK-I PENCÜMIN: the planet Mars

TÜRK-I SULTAN SHÜKUH: the world illuminating sun.

TÜRKAN-I ÇARH: the seven planets. 
[PK Note: Why are the seven planets named after "TURKS" as indicated by the term "TÜRKAN-I ÇARH"?]

In these entries, not only is the Sun associated with the name Turk but also the planet Mars and even the seven planets. It is known that ancient Turks were Sun and Moon worshippers who most likely started the ancient Sun-Moon based Oguz religion and in that respect, it is rational to associate the Sun with the name Tur/Turk. The name OTTOMAN (UTUMAN) is a testimony to that effect. But why is Mars so frequently associated with the name Turk? Who coined these terms in the first place? This is an indication that ancient Tur/Turk peoples had a lot to do in the naming of celestial objects.

One of the above entries defines TÜRK-I ÇIN as "the sun". It is interesting to note here that the Turkish word for "China" is also "ÇIN". The Chinese say that the name of their country means "center of the universe". The Sun is also the center of our solar system - which happens to be our immediate universe. In this regard, the Turkish word "ÇIN" for CHINA is related to the Turkish word "ÇIN", "KIN", "KUN", "GUN" meaning "SUN". It is also interesting to note that in the ancient MAYA language of Central America, the Sun was also called "KIN". Furthermore, in ancient MAYA civilization, the sky observatory was called "KARAKOL" which is also a Turkish word meaning "a place of observation" such as night observation or police observation stations and military outpost. None of these are due to coincidences. Rather, they are due to the spread of ancient Turanian sky worshipping TUR/TURK peoples who moved all over the world, created and developed civilizations, and named most everything after their Sky-God religion.

In the above entries there are terms that relate the name Mars with the name TURK. Why is this? In a recent communication, Kamil Kartal informed me that he heard in a TV newscast stating that NASA gave the name ANATOLIA to an area on planet MARS. Since the name MARS is so closely associated with the name TURK, would it not be proper to name an area on MARS with the name TURK?

It seems that the name of the planet MARS and the mythological name MARS for "god of war" had some close linguistic relations with each other and with the Turkish language. Let us examine the ancient mythology related to this name.

Rhoda A. Hendricks and Max S. Shapiro write about the Roman god MARS as follows: "MARS or MAVORS, the god of war and of country life. As guardian of the state, he was the avenger who punished the foes of ROME. MARS was the father of ROMULUS and REMUS by RHEA SILVIA. His name meant "bright" or "shining", and MARCH, the first month of the Roman calendar, was named for him. DISCORDIA preceded his chariot and the wolf, horse and raven were sacred to him. Mars was the roman counterpart of the Greek ARES." [6]

MARS being the guardian of state makes him a personification of soldier (warrior). Young men from the country life have always been the core of state military systems. MARS being the father of ROMULUS and REMUS is also interesting because from another source we have the following account:

Encyclopedia Britannica [7] gives the following background information regarding the legend of ROMULUS and REMUS:

"ROMULUS together with REMUS, the legendary founder of Rome. Traditionally they were the sons of RHEA SILVIA (Ilia), daughter of NUMITOR, the king of ALBA LONGA. Numitor had been deposed by his younger brother AMULIS and his daughter made a VESTAL VIRGIN to prevent offspring contenders. When Rhea gave birth to twins, claiming MARS as their father, Amulis ordered them thrown into the TIBER. The trough in which they were placed came to ground at the site of the future Rome near the FICUS RUMINALIS, a sacred fig tree of historical times. There a she-wolf and a wood-pecker (both sacred to Mars (cf PICUS), suckled and fed them. Later they were found and brought up by the hersdman FAUSTULUS and his wife ACCA LARENTIA. They became leaders of a band of adventurous youths and eventually, recognized as the grandsons of NUMITOR, they killed AMULIUS and restored their grandfather to the throne. Later they founded the city of Rome. Romulus surrounded the city with a wall, but Remus in contempt jumped over it and Romulus slew him with the words "thus perish any other who leaps over my walls." Thus Romulus ruled supreme and the city was named for him. Romulus added to the population of the new city by offering asylum to fugitives and exiles. Because of the shortage of women, he invited the neighboring SABINES to a festival and carried off their women. The intermarriage of Roman and Sabine was followed, after some hostility, with a political union under Romulus and TITUS TATINUS, king of the Sabines. Titus Tatinus' early death left Romulus in complete control. After a long rule he one day mysteriously disappeared in a storm. He was believed to have been changed into a god and was worshipped as QUIRINUS (q.v) by the Roman people.

This legend, probably originating in the 4th century B.C. and set down in coherent form by the early annalists at the end of the 3rd century B.C., is of course artificial and shows a strong Greek influence. Rationalization of various aspects of the story have been made in both ancient and modern times. The theme of exposed children is a familiar one in Greek legend and literature. The name Romulus (and perhaps also Remus) is derived from Rome and is consonant with the Greek practice of seeking of an eponymous hero who of course is inevitably deified."

Although I will not analyze in this paper the complete above cited story about the Romulus and Remus, I would like to bring to the attention of the readers that ROMULUS and REMUS have a lot to do with the ancient Turkish culture. First of all this citing tells us that the name of the grandfather of these two children, nursed by a she wolf, was NUMITOR. This is very significant because the name NUMITOR, when decrypted letter-by-letter as "NOMI TUR", is an anagram of the Turkish expression "NAMI TUR" meaning "His name is TUR". NAM is Turkish and means "NAME". Thus the English term NAME is an anagram of this ancient Turkish word NAMI which is the genitive form of NAM in Turkish meaning "his name". Thus the name NUMITOR (NAMI TUR) makes the TUR/TURK peoples as the grandfather of ROMULUS and REMUS. Of course another name of the Turanian Sky-God was TUR. Thus from both aspects, the story is Turanian and Turkic. Additionally, the story was Etruscan, another Tur/Turk people, and Etruscans were the ones that founded the city of ROME for the name "ER MA" the ancient Turanian Sky-God. The Latins took it from Etruscans about a hundred years after its foundation. Thus in every aspect, the story is Turanian contrary to any Indo-European claim.

Additionally, the writer of the above EB citing points out that the ancient Greeks had considerable interference with this legendary story. It must be noted that the name ROMULUS is nothing but the Turkish name "RUM ULUS" meaning "Greek nation". Similarly, the name REMUS , when read backwards, is the name "SUMER" who were the most ancient Tur people who created the most ancient Tur/Turk civilization in the so-called Mesopotamia. Thus this ancient Turanian legend has been usurped by Greeks in their own favor as they have also usurped other legends and stories from ancient Tur peoples, reworking them and claiming them as Greek mythologies. Now everyone thinks that these are all Greek in origin yet they are not.

Returning back to the name MARS or MAVORS. The name MAVORS (MARS), when decrypted letter-by-letter as "MA OVS R", is an anagram of Turkish expression "MA OGUZ ER" meaning "Magnificent OGUZ ER (RE/RA)" which is a description of the Turanian Sky-God OGUZ (O GÖZ), i.e., the SUN. Indeed, Sun was God, is God, bright and shining which fits the above given mythological definition. Similarly, the planet Mars is also bright and shiny.

Additionally, "MA OGUZ ER" (Oguz Eri, Oguz askeri) meaning "magnificent OGUZ/TUR warriors" is a description of the Tur/Turk soldiers. "Wolf" (Turkish "Bozkurt" or "Gök Yeleli Gök Böri, bak OGUZ-KAGAN destani) and the "horse" were sacred for the OGUZ soldiers - but not the raven. "Raven" is a black bird and hence it was not a well favored bird of "White Lord OGUZ Man" ("AK HAN OGUZ ER"). The Birds of prey, such as the "Eagle", "PARAGON", HAWK and others such as the HOR (KOR), i.e. the Horus of ancient MASAR were the favored birds of Oguz people (see Turkish: KARTAL, SUNGUR, TAVSANCIL, SHAHIN, UC KUS, ÇAKIR [8]) Romans, after they changed from their so-called Tur/Turk "Pagan" religion, they believed in the "black color" (KARA HAN) and therefore, the "black raven" became a much better suited bird for their newly adopted religious understanding.

The Greek version of MARS is given as ARES or AREWS. [9] The name ARES, when decrypted as "AS ER", is the anagram of Turkish expression "AS ER" (Essiz ER) meaning "Peerless Man" which in one sense describes the ancient Turanian "Sky-God OGUZ (O GÖZ), i.e., the Sun which was God and is God, bright and shining, and in another, its Turkish meanings are "kahraman ER, yigit, levend, yavuz er) meaning "Hero, fearless young man", and "er, asker" meaning "soldier, fighter", and "er, avradin kocasi" meaning "man or husband of Aphrodite". The so-called Greek name APHRODITE is in fact an anagram of Turkish expression "AVRAD IDI" meaning "she was the wife, woman or sweetheart" as Aphrodite was.

The Greek name AREWS, when decrypted as "ERAWS", is an anagram of Turkish expression "ER OGUZ" meaning "Oguz man, Oguz soldier, Oguz hero" which again identifies AREWS (ARES or MARS) with the OGUZ/TUR/TURK peoples.

In Greek mythology, ARES is the personification of "fighting man". The following is said about him: [10]

"Because of his love of violence and his fondness for bloodshed and battle, Ares was disliked by mortals and hated even by his parents. Ares was accompanied in battle by his sister ERIS (Strife) and by his sons, DEIMOS (Fright) and PHOBOS (Fear) and also by ENYO, a goddess of battle. APHRODITE loved ARES and was the mother of EROS and HARMONIA by him. Ares and Aphrodite were caught up into a net by her angered husband HEPHAESTUS and held up for the gods to ridicule. Ares was twice wounded, once by DIOMEDES in the TROJAN WAR and again by HERACLES because of the death of CYGNUS. He was associated mainly with the rugged regions of Thrace [PK note: Thracia = "Türk öyü"], but the AEROPAGUS, the Hill of Ares, where the court of Athens was held was also sacred to him. The attributes of Ares were the burning torch and spear, and the dog and the vulture were associated with him."

Greek name ERIS meaning "strife" and sister of Mars is an anagram of Turkish "URIS" (vurus), S=Sh, meaning "beating, striking, hitting" which are all related to war situation.

Similarly the Greek name "DEIMOS" (Fright), sons of ARES, when deciphered letter-by-letter as "DOISME", is an anagram of Turkish expression "DÖYÜSME" (Dövüsme), S=Sh, meaning "fighting, beating, struggling" which are again an aspect of the war god ARES ("AS ER" or "ER AS"). With fighting also comes fear, horror, terror and fright to the hearts of fighting men.

So-called mythology says that Ares was disliked by mortals and hated even by his parents. This is quite natural because, no parent likes to send their son(s) to war knowing that there is a high probability they may be killed.

The Greek name of goddess APHRODITE is an anagram of Turkish expression "AVRAD ITI" (avrad idi, avraddi, esdi, kadindi, karidi) all meaning "it is woman, wife, sweetheart" which APHRODITE was. Thus APHRODITE was ARES's ("ER AS", "AS ER") wife or the newly engaged sweetheart who was in love with the young man destined to go to war and possibly never come back to her. That was always, as it is at present, a disaster for a young woman.

AEROPAGUS, the Hill of Ares, when decrypted letter-by-letter as "APA ER OGUS", is an anagram of Turkish expression "APA ER OGUZ" meaning "Father Man OGUZ" referring to the ancient Turanian Sky-God who was of course sacred to Ares and to all other so-called "pagans". Additionally, the name "APA ER OGUZ" is also the ancestors of OGUZ peoples who also worshipped their ancestors.

Mythologically DISCORDIA was the Roman goddess of discord or strife, who preceded the chariot of MARS. She was the Roman counterpart of so-called Greek ERIS. The term DISCORDIA, when decrypted letter-by-letter as "ODI CARISD", with C=K and S=Sh, is an anagram of Turkish expression "ADI KARISDI", meaning "its name is to confuse" or "its name is state of confusion" (as just before a war). ARES, as god of battle, is indeed very much related to this Turkish word from which the term DISCORDIA has been manufactured. Additionally, DISCORDIA contains the Turkish word "KARSIDI ADI" where S = Sh, meaning "Its name is: "it is opposition'". Thus this Turkish expression is also the basis for the Indo-European words "DISCORD" and "DISCORDIA".

From all of these so-called Greek and Roman words and names, we have been able to identify them as related to warriors, fighting men, and war states. In each case words are anagrams of Turkish words and expressions. This indicates that so-called Greek and Latin languages are all artificially made languages from Turkish. Hence, Turkish was a much earlier universal language. And the traditions were also related to Turkish traditions which again verifies that Turkish civilization was a much earlier civilization antedating all that is claimed to be Indo-European and Semitic. Thus, in view of all this background, the association of the name MARS (ARES) and also that of the SUN with the name TUR/TURK is understandable.

At this point, we may also ask, why do Arabic sources know so much about the ancient Turks? There seems to be so much Turkish history embedded in Arabic. This can be understandable because ancient so-called "EGYPT" was the longest living Tur/Turk state (empire) although historians have buried that fact into darkness by intentionally changing its name from MASAR to "EGYPT". As I have indicated many times in my writings, there seems to be an ancient history that was "manhandled" by not-so reliable "historians" who have changed the ancient Turanian world upside down and totally obliterated it. It also indicates that the real "Arabic" identity needs to be investigated as they have been mixed up with the ancient Tur/Turk peoples quite a lot.

The concept defined as TARIH-I TÜRK (= "TÜRK DEVRI") has caused many questions in my mind, and I expect many more questions from the readers. It is hoped that the Turkish Historical Society (Türk Tarih Kurumu), the REDHOUSE dictionary writing organization and other knowledgable readers will investigate this subject and hopefully illuminate us regarding these concepts and their source.



[1] Turkish - English Redhouse dicyionary, Istanbul, 1987, p. 1098
[2] Turkish - English Redhouse dicyionary, Istanbul, 1987, p. 1191.
[3] "The Random House Dictionary of the English Language", Random House, New York, 1967, p. 483.
[4] Redhouse Ingilizce- Türkçe Sözlük (Redhouse English to Turkish Dictionary), 1980, p.323.
[5] Turkish - English Redhouse dicyionary, Istanbul, p. 1192.
[6] Rhoda A. Hendricks and Max S. Shapiro (Executive Editor), Mythologies of the World A Concise Encyclopaedia", McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, 1981, p. 119.
[7] EB, 1963, Vol. 19, p. 521.
[8] Prof. Dr. Faruk Sümer, "OGUZLAR (TÜRKMENLER), Türk Dünyasi Arastirmalari Vakfi (TDAV), Istanbul, 1999, p. 230-231.
[9] DIVRY's "Modern English-Greek and Greek-English Desk Dictionary, p. 188.
[10] Rhoda A. Hendricks and Max S. Shapiro (Executive Editor), Mythologies of the World A Concise Encyclopaedia", p. 19.

Best wishes to all,

Polat Kaya

(Copyright © 2004 Polat Kaya)
April 12, 2004